INSTALLATION OF SCHOOLS IN INDONESIA
Life without education
Without education we cannot achieve our true potential. The lack of general knowledge such as writing, reading, arithmetic prevents people to participate in society or live a self-determined life. Thereby, our individual freedoms will be significantly limited. Consequently, education does not only have a high importance in the learning of profession, but it’s also a fundamental human right.
Why children do not go to school
Children without education are excluded and treated unequally. Many Indonesian children are working instead of attending school or they do not have the ability to benefit from education. Common reasons children are unable to seek an education are the schools are too far away or they are none. School attendance allows them an opportunity to enter the professional life. The acquired knowledge in the school protects them from discrimination and exploitation. With your donations we will build schools and finance the interior including books and pencils.
Many developing countries don’t have financial resources to build schools or engage teachers. Furthermore, teachers don’t receive proper training and due to the low number of teachers and limited class rooms, the classes are overcrowded. Because of this excess, various levels of education hit each other. This leads to children not enjoying individual education, which corresponds to their abilities and needs. Most affected by this are countries in sub-Sahara Africa and South East Asia. Bad or rather no education has severe consequences for the population, since it hinders social and economic development in the country.
An empty stomach can not study!
Due to malnutrition children in developing countries have underdevelopments, that lead to attention deficit and poor concentration. Since good food influences the learning ability of kids, we also offer food packages.
EDUCATION is crucial because:
It protects children from misuse, exploitation and terrorist groups
It provides children knowledge and basis for their futures
It represents an opportunity to acquire new skills and develop them and is basis of a successful future
It facilitates to build friendships and important subjects as discipline, self-responsibility, social engagement, team work and ability to compromise
These children need you!
Without school education poor children cannot find a suitable career or look after themselves. With small donations you can help them visit schools.
Indonesia is with its almost 264m. Inhabitants and over 17.500 islands the biggest island state worldwide. Main problems are poverty, lack of education and natural disasters.
Many families have their children support the family at a very young age. For instance, they collect waste at dumps, polish shoes, work on plantations or even beg in the streets. Since the daily work is more than 10 hours per day, they don’t have the opportunity to go to school. Due to lack of education they have bad career opportunities. Although the Indonesian government doesn’t permit child labor, it’s hard to break this cycle.
In Indonesia there are 9 years of compulsory school. It starts at the age of 6 and consists of the six years primary school and the three years secondary school 1, while the first six years are for free. However, there are costs
of books and school uniforms, that some families cannot afford. Furthermore, children who live in slums often don’t have a birth certificate, so they don’t get accepted by schools. On the country side or in village schools they are miles away from the domiciles. The literacy for men is currently 93 % whereas for women it’s 84%.
A closer look at the education system
The Indonesian school system is based on 3 sections build on one another. It consists of 6 years of primary school (sekolah dasar), three years of middle school (sekolah menengah pertama) and a three years high school (sekolah menengah atas/ sekolah menengah umum).
The children start the primary school at the age of 6 years. In the first 3 years of the primary school the education is focused on topics. In the following 3 years the lesson is structured by specific school subjects. Subsequently there is a national examination for the transition to the secondary 1.
Also the secondary 1 is completed with a national exam that allows to continue with secondary 2. The first 9 years of primary level and secondary 1 are obligatory. In the secondary 2 the SMK imparts practical knowledge (in contrary to SMU) and is comparable to the German “Berufsschule”.
The Indonesian Ministry of Education decides roughly 80 % of the syllabus. The remaining subjects are determined by the institution. The local educational administration confirms the elaboration of the syllabi. Therefore, the quality of education in very poor and corrupt districts are significantly worse.
Almost 93 % of the pupils’ complete primary school, whereas only 64 % of those continue with high school SMP. In the last years at least 30 % of the staff didn’t have any school-leaving qualification, while 40 % had completed the primary school and 20 % had completed the first year of the secondary level. The remaining 5 to 10 % had graduated from secondary level or had a university degree.
Bildungskerze invests most in education, because it’s the way out of poverty. 70 % of children worldwide, who don’t go to school live in Sub-Saharan Africa or in South(east) Asia.